Activation of the nuclear factor kappa β (NF-κβ) is related to many inflammatory diseases, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The imbalance in the redox state, which happens mainly in senescence, associated with several peculiar characteristics of the macular region, has led to studies of this molecule for AMD therapeutic interventions. Findings report the involvement of NF-κβ both in the triggering as well as in the worsening condition of AMD. The present article correlates AMD oxidant and inflammatory genesis with the action of the nuclear factor kappa β. Besides its mechanism of action, this study also analyzes the main inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules that may be activated by NF-κβ and are closely related to AMD.